Route of 19 Castles in the Serra da Estrela region

Route of 19 Castles in the Serra da Estrela region
Published by:   Toni Martins
Type of trip:   Cultural
Recommended Season:   All year
Starting Country:   Portugal
Recommended time:   7 days
Recommended vehicle:   All vehicles
Distance to travel:   531 km
Come and discover one of the most beautiful places in Portugal knowing its history and culture visiting the most important castles in the Serra da Estrela region

The trip
 

Castle of Guarda

Lat: 40.537447 - Lon: -7.271798
N: 40° 32' 14.8092 "       W: 7° 16' 18.4728"

The Guarda Castle, located in a dominant position over the highest city in the country, stands at 1,056.3 meters above sea level. Little more remains of the castle than the Keep, but it is worth a visit for its views.
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Castle of Belmonte

Lat: 40.359503 - Lon: -7.348490
N: 40° 21' 34.2108 "       W: 7° 20' 54.564"

Built in the 13th century, the Castle of Belmonte is closely linked to Pedro Álvares Cabral, having been donated in 1466 to Fernão Cabral, becoming from then on the residence of the Cabral family.
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Castle or Fortress of Penamacor

Lat: 40.168013 - Lon: -7.171660
N: 40° 10' 4.8468 "       W: 7° 10' 17.976"

Enjoy and walk along the more than 750 meters of walls that served as protection for the village.
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Castle of Penha Garcia

Lat: 40.042973 - Lon: -7.015298
N: 40° 2' 34.7028 "       W: 7° 0' 55.0728"

The Castle of Penha Garcia, must have been built by the Templar order, possibly on an old Roman fortification preceded by a prehistoric fort, being donated by D. Afonso II, to the Order of Santiago, around 1220.
Due to its location, it is worth a visit as it is located in a dominant position in the Ramiro mountain range, overlooking the Pônsul river valley.
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Castle of Monsanto

Lat: 40.036462 - Lon: -7.113937
N: 40° 2' 11.2632 "       W: 7° 6' 50.1732"

Located in a position overlooking the historic village of Monsanto.
A lot of people visit the village of Monsanto, but not many go up to the top to see the Castle, which is really worth it.
Despite its dilapidated state, the views it offers are more than enough to visit.
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Castle of Castelo Novo

Lat: 40.078214 - Lon: -7.496479
N: 40° 4' 41.5704 "       W: 7° 29' 47.3244"

Located in a rocky environment on the east side of the Serra da Gardunha. Its construction will be before the beginning of the 13th century.
Take the opportunity to get to know the village of Castelo Novo while visiting its castle as it is really worth it
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Castle of Avô

Lat: 40.293601 - Lon: -7.904622
N: 40° 17' 36.9636 "       W: 7° 54' 16.6392"

The construction of Castelo de Avô is attributed to the reign of D. Afonso Henriques. The set of remaining walls in the castle, which comprises the ruins of the Ermida de São Miguel, was classified as a Property of Public Interest.
Despite being perhaps one of the least visited castles, it is worth a stop to discover its architecture and surroundings.
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Castle of Linhares da Beira

Lat: 40.541074 - Lon: -7.461064
N: 40° 32' 27.8664 "       W: 7° 27' 39.8304"

Located on a rocky hill on the foothills of Serra da Estrela, it dominates the valley of the Mondego River. Its past is steeped in legends, being considered one of the most important medieval fortifications in Beira Alta Interior.
Take the opportunity to visit the Castle and the medieval village of Linhares da Beira, dating from the 12th century, with an important architectural and artistic diversity, as a result of the legacy of various eras. In 1169, it received its first charter, attributed by D. Afonso Henriques.
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Castle of Celorico da Beira

Lat: 40.637304 - Lon: -7.391897
N: 40° 38' 14.2944 "       W: 7° 23' 30.8292"

The castle of Celorico da Beira, was built on a granite hill, at the foot of Serra da Estrela, with a dominant position over the village and the Mondego river, from the top of its walls you can see the neighboring Castelo de Linhares, the castle of Guarda , the castle of Trancoso, the Serra da Estrela Natural Park and the river Côa.
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Castle of Trancoso

Lat: 40.779472 - Lon: -7.347823
N: 40° 46' 46.0992 "       W: 7° 20' 52.1628"

Trancoso is still surrounded by walls from the Dinisian period, with a beautiful medieval castle crowning this majestic fortified complex. With its numerous monuments, civil and religious architecture, it is one of the most expressive Historic Centers in the country, visited annually by many thousands of people. Of particular note are the parish churches of Santa Maria and S. Pedro, the 16th century Casa dos Arcos, the Misericórdia Church, the Casa do Gato Preto, a curious building in the old Jewish quarter and the Pelourinho, beautiful piece of the purest Manueline style.

Outside the wall, you can see the Fonte Nova, with classical lines built in the sec. XVI, the Chapel of S. Bartolomeu, Baroque example, the Church of Senhora da Fresta and Chapel of Santa Luzia, temples of the transition from the Romantic to the Gothic, the chapels of Senhor da Calçada and Santa Eufémia, from the 16th century. 18th century and also the former Convent of the Franciscan Friars, with elements from the 16th to the 18th century, now recovered and transformed into a Municipal Auditorium.
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Castle of Castelo Rodrigo

Lat: 40.877074 - Lon: -6.963830
N: 40° 52' 37.4664 "       W: 6° 57' 49.788"

In a dominant position over the Aguiar stream, south of the Ribacôa plain, it was a place of passage for pilgrims who, from Beira Baixa, headed to Santiago de Compostela along the path that, in the Middle Ages, went from Guarda to Barca d'Alva. They found shelter in the nearby Convent of Santa Maria de Aguiar. Currently, the castle walls surround the village, part of the Historic Villages Program.
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Pinhel Castle

Lat: 40.777129 - Lon: -7.062020
N: 40° 46' 37.6644 "       W: 7° 3' 43.272"

Pinhel Castle is a medieval fortification on the Beira border, rising in a dominant position in Serra da Marofa, on the left bank of the Côa River. This urban castle has an oval-shaped plan, with the wall surrounding the hill and the historic center. This granite wall was originally reinforced by six square towers (of which only two remain) to which an equal number of doors corresponded.
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Almeida Castle

Lat: 40.725330 - Lon: -6.907894
N: 40° 43' 31.188 "       W: 6° 54' 28.4184"

The medieval Castle of Almeida, part of the so-called Linha do Tejo, frontier of the kingdom of Portugal at the end of the 13th century, had the function of populating and defending the lands of Ribacôa.
The remnants of the medieval castle that make up the defenses of the Praça-forte de Almeida are classified as a National Monument.
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Castle of Castelo Bom

Lat: 40.620975 - Lon: -6.901318
N: 40° 37' 15.51 "       W: 6° 54' 4.7447999999999"

The castle of Castelo Bom, stands in a dominant position on a rocky hill, overlooking the river Côa, whose crossing it defended. Part of the lands of Ribacôa, it is neighboring Castelo de Almeida and Castelo Mendo.
According to archaeological evidence, the primitive human occupation of its site dates back to a prehistoric fort, from the Bronze Age. It is believed that due to its strategic position on the river, it has been occupied continuously since then.
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Unfortunately we do not have information of what to visit in the vicinity of this location

Vilar Maior Castle

Lat: 40.476382 - Lon: -6.940372
N: 40° 28' 34.9752 "       W: 6° 56' 25.3392"

Vila Maior Castle is a medieval castle with an irregular oval layout with a square-shaped keep.
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Castle of Alfaiates

Lat: 40.390493 - Lon: -6.911138
N: 40° 23' 25.7748 "       W: 6° 54' 40.0968"

The castle of Alfaiates is built on a plateau area, the hill on which it sits has made it a strategic and important advanced point in the defense of the border. Together with the fortress of Almeida they controlled a vast territory. During the War of Restoration of Independence (1640) it played a decisive role in national defense, being considered one of the Keys of the Kingdom, like Almeida e Elvas.
From the top of its walls you can see the wild lands of Ribacôa.
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Sabugal Castle

Lat: 40.351255 - Lon: -7.093691
N: 40° 21' 4.518 "       W: 7° 5' 37.2876"

Castelo do Sabugal, also referred to as Castelo das Cinco Quinas due to the unusual shape of its keep.
Sabugal Castle is located in a dominant position over the village, on a small plateau in the Malcata mountain range, controlling the crossing of the Côa river on its right bank, hence its importance in antiquity and medieval times.
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Castle of Vila de Touro

Lat: 40.417554 - Lon: -7.105654
N: 40° 25' 3.1943999999999 "       W: 7° 6' 20.3544"

The Vila de Touro castle is located at the top of an elevation overlooking the valley of the Ribeira do Boi, at the point of its confluence with the Côa River. From the top of its walls, you can see places like Abitureira, Arrifana, Baraçal, Guarda, Martim Pêga, Pega, Sabugal and Seixo do Côa.
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Castle of Sortelha

Lat: 40.328724 - Lon: -7.216012
N: 40° 19' 43.4064 "       W: 7° 12' 57.6432"

The castle of Sortelha, stands on a granite massif in a dominant position over the Riba-Côa valley, a crossing area between the Iberian Meseta and the depression of Cova da Beira, integrates the set of what is considered one of the best Historical Villages of Beira Interior preserved.
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Route of 19 Castles in the Serra da Estrela region
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